Segment A of Anatomy and Physiology is designed to refresh and build upon concepts learned in Biology and will cover topics such as careers related to Anatomy and Physiology, naming conventions, levels of organization, metabolism, and energy processes. Lessons will investigate the anatomy and physiology of the 11 major body systems. The course begins with a quick review of biological levels of organization and microscopy and then focuses on both structure and function of the following: tissues, the integumentary system and the skeletal system. Students will then look at how the systems work together to ensure homeostasis for the body and what happens when one or more of these systems don’t function correctly.

Segment B of Anatomy and Physiology focuses on the anatomy and physiology of the muscular system, nervous system, digestive system, and cardiovascular system. Students will discover the following:
• the muscular system provides the body with movement, heat production, and protection
• the nervous system is the control center of the human body
• the digestive system changes food from an insoluble form to a soluble, absorbable form that the body can use
• blood is a specialized fluid that is involved in immunity, clotting mechanisms, and delivers nutrients to the body’s cells and transports waste away from those same body cells

PRE-REQUISITES: Biology recommended

ESTIMATED COMPLETION TIME: 32-36 weeks or approximately 125 – 135 hours

MAJOR TOPICS AND CONCEPTS — SEGMENT A

Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

  • Anatomy in the Real World
  • Latin and Greek Origins
  • Levels of Organization
  • Metabolism
  • Energy Processes of the Body

Tissue System

  • Epithelial Tissue
  • Connective Tissue
  • Muscular Tissue
  • Nervous Tissue
  • Tissue Anomalies

Integumentary System

  • Integument as Protector
  • Body Membranes
  • The Layers of the Skin
  • Skin’s Accessory Organs
  • Regulation of Body Temperature
  • Anomalies of the Integument System

Skeletal System

  • Long Bone Structures
  • Microscopic Structures of Bone
  • Bone Formation
  • The Axial Skeleton
  • The Appendicular Skeleton
  • Classes of Joints
  • Problems with the Skeletal System

MAJOR TOPICS AND CONCEPTS — SEGMENT B

Muscular System

  • Types of Muscle
  • Muscle Structure and Function
  • Muscle Contraction and Energy
  • Muscles of the Head, Neck, and Upper Torso
  • Muscles of the Trunk and Lower Extremities
  • Muscle Problems, Disorders, and Keeping Muscles Healthy

Nervous System

  • The Central Nervous System
  • Nerve Impulses
  • The Brain
  • The Peripheral Nervous System
  • Nervous System Disorders

Digestive System

  • Introduction to the Digestive System
  • The Oral Cavity
  • Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, and Liver
  • Small and Large Intestine
  • Digestive System Disorders

Circulatory System (Cardiovascular)

  • Introduction to the Cardiovascular System
  • Blood Types
  • The Heart
  • Major Blood Vessels
  • Cardiovascular Disorders

LINKS TO FULL COURSE CURRICULUM MAPS

SEGMENT A

SEGMENT B