Segment A of AP Biology teaches that interactions within biological systems lead to complex properties, and competition and cooperation are important aspects of biological systems. Growth, reproduction and maintenance of the organization of living systems require free energy and matter. Cells communicate by generating, transmitting and receiving chemical signals. Growth, reproduction, and dynamic homeostasis require that cells create and maintain internal environments that are different from their external environments. Organisms use feedback mechanisms to regulate growth and reproduction, and to maintain dynamic homeostasis. Heritable information provides for continuity of life. Transmission of information results in changes within and between biological systems. Change in the genetic makeup of a population over time is evolution. Natural processes explain the origin of living systems. Lines of descent from common ancestry link organisms.

Segment B of the course teaches that life continues to evolve within a changing environment. Growth, reproduction and maintenance of the organization of living systems require free energy and matter. Growth and dynamic homeostasis of a biological system are influenced by changes in the system’s environment. Many biological processes involved in growth, reproduction and dynamic homeostasis include temporal regulation and coordination. Naturally occurring diversity among and between components within biological systems affects interactions with the environment. Growth and dynamic homeostasis of a biological system are influenced by changes in the system’s environment.

PRE-REQUISITES: Biology recommended

ESTIMATED COMPLETION TIME: 32-36 weeks or approximately 125 – 135 hours

MAJOR TOPICS AND CONCEPTS — SEGMENT A

The Chemistry of Life

  • The Chemical Context of Life
  • Water and Life
  • Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life
  • Large Biological Molecules

The Cell and Cellular Energetics

  • A Tour of the Cell
  • Membrane Structure and Function
  • Introduction to Metabolism
  • Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
  • Photosynthesis
  • Cell Communication
  • The Cell Cycle

Heredity and Molecular Genetics

  • Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles
  • Mendel and the Gene Idea
  • The Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
  • The Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • From Gene to Protein
  • Regulation of Gene Expression
  • Viruses
  • Biotechnology

Evolutionary Biology

  • A Darwinian View of Life
  • Evolution of Populations
  • The Origin of Species
  • History of Life on Earth

MAJOR TOPICS AND CONCEPTS — SEGMENT B

Evolutionary History of Biological Diversity

  • Phylogeny and the Tree of Life
  • Bacteria and Archaea
  • Protists
  • Plant Diversity I: How Plants Colonized Land
  • Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants
  • Fungi
  • An Overview of Animal Diversity
  • Introduction to Invertebrates
  • The Origin and Evolution of Vertebrates

Structure and Function of Plants and Animals

  • Plant Structure, Growth, and Development
  • Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
  • Soil and Plant Nutrition
  • Angiosperm Reproduction and Biotechnology
  • Plant Responses to Internal and External Signals
  • Basic Principles of Animal Form and Function
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Circulation and Gas Exchange
  • The Immune System
  • Osmoregulation and Excretion
  • Hormones and the Endocrine System
  • Animal Reproduction
  • Animal Development
  • Neurons, Synapses, and Signaling
  • Nervous Systems
  • Sensory and Motor Mechanisms
  • Animal Behavior

Ecology

  • Introduction to Ecology and the Biosphere
  • Population Ecology
  • Community Ecology
  • Ecosystem and Restoration Ecology
  • Conservation Biology and Global Change

AP Exam Review and Participation

  • AP Exam Review
  • Test-Taking Strategies

Ecology

  • Comparative Invertebrate Anatomy
  • Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

LINKS TO FULL COURSE CURRICULUM MAPS

SEGMENT A

SEGMENT B