In Segment A of Science 8, students will study scientific method and produce an actual experiment. They will also identify how human actions can affect a system. Students will learn about DNA, how it is passed on, how it changes over time, and how we can use DNA to classify organisms. They will also learn about the science of soils and agriculture. Other topics addressed include the forces that are shaping and reshaping the earth’s surface, including the effect of earthquakes and volcanoes. Students will also classify fossils and the geologic time scale.
Segment B of Science 8 will address the subject of matter. Topics include the structure of the atom, the Periodic Table of Elements, and will involve writing chemical equations and balancing chemical reactions. Students will be learning about energy in its many different forms. Conservation of energy will tie all lesson concepts together. Students will explore both current and static electricity, looking at various types of circuits and methods of generating electricity. Finally, students will learn about the concepts of motion and force and explore Newton’s three laws, looking at how they influence movement in our world.
PRE-REQUISITES: Science 7
ESTIMATED COMPLETION TIME: 32-36 weeks or approximately 125 – 135 hours
MAJOR TOPICS AND CONCEPTS — SEGMENT A
Science in Our Lives
- Who has Control?
- Variable Variables
- Science and the Environment
- Science and the Future
- Who Affected What?
- Human Actions
Life on the Earth
- Humans on the Earth
- Mendellian Patterns
- Punnett Squares
- Co-dominance and Sex-linked Traits
- Charles Darwin
- Modern Classification
Soils and Agriculture
- Agricultural practices, environment and natural resources
- Soil types impact on agriculture in PA
- Economic importance of agriculture
- Agriculture and technology
- Integrated Pest Management
- Waste Management
Earth’s Changes Over Time
- Plate Tectonics
- Relative vs. Absolute Age
- Geologic Time
Earth’s Place in the Universe
- Earth’s Measurements and Properties
- Our Moon
- Formation of Our Solar System
- Inner and Outer Planets of Our Solar System
- Comets and Asteroids
- Measurement in Outer Space
- What are Stars and How Do They Form
MAJOR TOPICS AND CONCEPTS — SEGMENT B
Chemistry of Matter
- States of Matter
- Periodic Table
- Chemical Bonds
- Chemical Reactions
- Chemical Formulas and Equations
- Energy Transformation (Kinetic and Potential Energy)
- Calculating potential energy?
- Calculating kinetic energy
- Renewable and Non-renewable energy
- Producing energy for our homes
- What is electricity?
- How does the buildup of electrons cause static electricity?
- How do you measure current Electricity?
- What is the difference between a series and parallel circuit?
- How are magnets and electricity related?
- How do you make electricity?
- How can we conserve electrical energy?
Motion and Forces
- What is the difference between speed and velocity?
- How are speed and acceleration different?
- How do forces affect an objects motion?
- How does an object’s mass, force and acceleration affect its motion?
- How do action and reaction forces affect an object’s motion?
- What forces oppose motion?
- What is the difference between simple and compound machines?
- How can simple machines make work easier?
LINKS TO FULL COURSE CURRICULUM MAPS